ISSN 2286-976X (Print)

ISSN 2539-5513 (Online)

RJSH

RANGSIT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

https://rjsh.rsu.ac.th

##### Fear of Crimes

Suppakorn Poonyarith, Sunee Kanyajit, Natthapon Sokantat, Patcharaphan Nakpong, and Noppawan Unmareng

Abstract

Social and economic changes have provided advantages and negative outcomes. The changes lead to huge developments in technology, science, economy and expanding community. However, the changes cause disadvantages. Problems in environment, natural resources and society such as drug, poverty, education and people with fewer opportunities have appeared and arisen. People in societies cannot respond due to rapid changes, consequently, social institutions cannot decline the problems and leads to fear of crimes. The study not only investigated on level of people’s fear of crime, but also research on comparative people’s fear of crime aspect. Population in this research was at least 18 years old. The research conducted in 79 police offices, which were metropolitan police offices, regional police offices, Southern Border Provinces Police Operation Center, and Central Investigation Bureau. The study revealed that in overall out of 6,319 samples had 2.30 average ($$\bar{X}$$46.00%) on fear of crime aspect. Nonetheless, the study also showed that the majority of samples fear of drug crime crisis in their community resulted at 2.48 average  ($$\bar{X}$$49.60%). The Findings showed that gender, occupation and their types of fear of crime aspect have significantly different in the aspect of fear of crime at high level.Therefore, governmental and private sectors should collaborate to build effective programs of crime prevention. Safe areas should be promoted to women such as residence, workplace, and public areas for the security of life and property. People shall avoid being victims of crime.

Keywords: Crime, fear of crime, victims, offences