The Cyber-Attacks and Digital Economy in India during 2004 - 2015
This article focuses on the study of the cyber-attacks and digital economy in India during 2004 – 2015 in order to 1) to find out the types and patterns of all cyber-attacks in India during 2004 – 2015, 2) to investigate the relationship between GDP of India and the cyber-attacks in India during 2004 – 2015, and 3) to compare the cyber-attacks between India and Thailand during 2012 – 2015 due to the availability of data. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation are the statistics employed for data analysis. The level of significance was set at .05.
The results were as follows: 1) There were 310,146 attacks, or approximately 25,846 attacks per year during 2004 to 2015 in India, 2) In aspect of techniques of the attacks, there were big four in India during 2004 – 2015: abusive content, information security, intrusions, malicious code, 3) In overall, there has been an upward trend of cyber-attacks in India since 2004 – 2014, except in 2015 due to the implementation of “Digital India” program. In categorical level, two absolute different trends – upward and downward trends occurred in India. The upward trend focuses on all crowd – oriented cyber-attacks of information gathering, information security, malicious code, and others whereas the downward trend focused on individual-oriented cyber-attacks such as abusive content, intrusions, and fraud, 4) there were quite high positive relationship between GDP of India and the cyber-attacks in India during 2004 – 2015 in the overall level at the .01, and categorical level, fraud, information gathering, and malicious code had high positive relationships with GDP of India at the .01, and with intrusions and other at .05; and 5) In overall, the amount of cyber-attacks of Thailand (Z score = 6.47) was higher than India (Z score = 5.18). In categorical level, Thailand had more serious cyber-attacks than India with approximately 1.48 S.D. in malicious code and approximately 0.76 S.D. in intrusions.