ISSN 2286-976X (Print)

ISSN 2539-5513 (Online)



Volume 6 Number 2, July - December 2019 (In Progress)

Research Articles 1

Perspective and Prospect towards Current and Future Livelihood of Bangkok Generation Y
Rawisara Chulerk.
Received 26 June 2019 / Revised 4 July 2019 / Accepted in final form 8 July 2019 / Publish Online 20 July 2019


This article, as the preliminary part of the research entitled “The Forecast of Next 30-Year Livelihood of Generation Y based in Bangkok”, aims to explore the perspective and prospect of Generation Y towards current and the next 30-year livelihood in Live-Work-Play dimensions as the introductory data to be generated as multiples observed variables for factor analysis in the further stage of the full research. Since Live-Work-Play is the non-boundary lifestyle of Generation Y, it defines the particular characteristics of this major population. The study is conducted by studying the related theories, researches and concepts, as well as the in-depth interview of the five subjective Bangkok Generation Y, aged between 25-35 years old, towards the livelihood in Live-Work-Play dimensions to obtain the perspective and further or unexpected information from the respondents. The in-depth interview covers the topics of general lifestyle and attitude in Live-Work-Play dimension, current livelihood, prospect of the future livelihood, and the influence of changing Live-Work-Play on living space in the future.

According to the study, Generation Y designs their lifestyle based on their ‘hedonism’ or the goal of pleasure. They do everything based on what they want, prefer and make them pleased as their ‘own choice’ driving to the various particular independent behaviours in live, work and play dimensions. In Live dimension, family and transportation are the significant keys of their life decisions, for example the dwelling physical and location requirements, and daily life. Work is chosen from their preference to fulfil their life-purpose. The format and time are also their own choice. And for Play aspect, relaxation activities are the preferred non-compensation activities to fulfil their pleasure. Therefore, Live-Work-Play lifestyle allows them to balance the personal and professional life to have the leisure time for their satisfied activities.

The key issues summarized from the study will be the guideline to generate the observed variables utilized for exploring the relevant factors of current and the next 30-year livelihood of Generation Y in order to forecast their future livelihood. Thus, it is the initial leading to the further study of long-term plan, and designing supportive space to be liveable with well-being in the future.

Keywords: Generation Y, Livelihood, the Next 30-Year Livelihood, Live-Work-Play, Generation Y Lifestyle

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Research Articles 2

Misuse of Prescription Drugs as Cognitive Enhancement among Iranian University Students: Evidence from an Empirical Investigation
Habeeb Abdulrauf Salihu1*, Monsurat Isiaka2, Kayode Abdullahi Ibrahim 3, and Obasanjo Solomon Balogun 4
*Corresponding author
Received 30 September 2019/ Revised 16 November 2019 / Accepted in final form 18 November 2019 / Publish Online 25 December 2019


Medications prescribed for the treatment of neurological disorders are also used for stimulating alertness and concentration, increasing working memory and improving cognitive performance in healthy individuals. This study examines the misuse of such drugs as cognitive enhancement among Iranian university students; both primary and secondary sources of data were employed. A sample of 1800 (graduate and undergraduate) students selected from 5 faculties in Allameh Tabataba’i University Tehran completed the questionnaires that included the demographic information and questions related to the research objectives. The findings indicated that the misuse of prescription stimulant drugs is widespread among students and that the need for success (to improved cognitive performance and boost academic grades) predicts the widespread. Thus, the study suggests that adequate public concern and sensitization that will internalize the negative effects of the drugs would be the appropriate intervention that may reduce the demand and misuse of prescription medications among the students.

Keywords: Illicit drugs among Iranians, cognitive enhancement drugs, misuse of prescription drugs in Iran, enhancing learning capability through drugs, boosting academic grades, widespread use of psychoactive drugs among Iranian adolescents.

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Research Articles 3

The Author’s Voice in Selecting Equivalences in the Translation into Malay of Raja Bilah and the Mandailings in Perak: 1875-1911
Eliza Syuhada Rosli1, Ummi Umairah Kahar2 and Idris Mansor3*
*Corresponding author
Received 31 October 2019/ Accepted in final form 13 December 2019 / Publish Online 25 December 2019


For some scholars of translation studies like André Lefevere, translation is a manipulation of some extrinsic factors such as ideology, dominant poetics and patronage. Patronage in general refers to the power that can be exerted by individuals, groups, institutions, a social class, a political party, publishers, the media, both newspapers and magazines as well as larger television corporations which can further or hinder the reading, writing and rewriting of literature or in this instance of translation work. Whereas patronage seems like an important social and literary phenomenon widely discussed in various fields of the humanities and the social sciences, the concept of patronage which consequently touches on the issue of the power of authors is rarely discussed, if any at all in the translation of English into Malay academic writing. Hence, based on the methodology of descriptive, this article attempts to explore further on the concept of patronage which was introduced by Lefevere in the translation of a social history monograph from English into Malay which affected the equivalent of lexical choices and the choices of translation procedures used in the work of translation.

Keywirds: Patronage, translation, ideology, power, Malay, Raja Bilah.

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Research Articles 4

The performance of the prevention and suppression of narcotics by Border Patrol Police:
A case study of Border Patrol Police Company 327, Chiang Rai Province

Ananyawat Ratanawichai1 and Sasiphattra Siriwato2*
*Corresponding author
Received 23 December 2019 / Accepted in final form 6 January 2020 / Publish Online 10 January 2020


This research has two objectives: the first objective is a needs analysis of the prevention and suppression of Border Patrol Police against narcotics. The second objective is recommending solutions for increasing the efficiency of the prevention and suppression of the drug trafficking network by Border Patrol Police Company 327 in Chiang Rai Province. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to gather information. Approximately five participants were purposively selected and interviewed, and 169 volunteer samples were surveyed. This research found that the most significant problems and obstacles to implementing prevention and suppression by Border Patrol Police against narcotics are as follows: suppressing and arresting the perpetrators; investigating the case and prosecuting; searching for news and intelligence; managing and administrating investigations; coordination with other organizations and agencies; control and surveillance; and public relations.

In addition, guidelines and recommendations to increase efficiency of strategies for the suppression and prevention of drug trafficking networks are to increase the efficiency concerning news and intelligence operations, such as asking for cooperation from interviewees while providing them with protection and risk prevention as well as giving rewards to those interviewees with experience. These practices must include the following: arresting the perpetrators, developing new techniques and forms to arrest the perpetrators, coordinating with any involved agencies in order to build good relations, and embrace both government and private sectors in addition to those individuals who are responsible for exchanging information in order to efficiently prevent and suppress drug trafficking networks.

Keywirds: prevention and suppression of narcotics, drug addiction, Border Patrol Police, drug networks, narcotics trafficking

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