ISSN 2286-976X (Print)

ISSN 2539-5513 (Online)



RJSH Vol. 8, No. 2, July-December 2021


1. Time Management, Learning Motivation and Academic Performance of Dentistry Students

Niña Fatimah D. Borbon

College of Dentistry, Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas, Philippines


Received March 5, 2021 / Revised May 6, 2021 / Accepted June 14, 2021 / Publish Online July 1, 2021


This study aimed to identify the time management skills and learning motivation of the dental clinicians that may impact their academic performance, and test significant difference on time management and learning motivation between the junior and senior clinicians. The research also explored whether there is significant relationship between time management, learning motivation and academic performance of the dental clinicians and proposed action plans based on the findings. Data were gathered using a standardized questionnaire that assessed time management skills which was divided into three components such as task prioritization, task listing and task scheduling; and the learning motivation of the students, adapted from motivated strategies for learning questionnaire from University of Michigan, in terms of value, expectancy and affective components. Sixty-seven dental clinicians of Doctor of Dental Medicine participated and consented the evaluation of their previous semester’s General Weighted Average (GWA) in the professional subjects to assess their academic performance. The findings revealed that task prioritization is the dominant time management skill among junior and senior dental clinicians. Value is the highest learning motivation among the junior and senior dental clinicians. Furthermore, majority of the respondents have GWA of 2.00-2.49. Third year students have greater learning motivation in terms of value. There was no significant relationship exists between GWA, time management skills and learning motivation, implying that the students’ GWA was not affected by their time management and their level of motivation. Proposed action plans may also be considered by the college of dentistry to help look at possible means to provide quality education that will address the current problems in student’s self-regulated learning, enhance teaching strategies in motivating the students to be competent in using their time in studying and finishing their requirements.

Keywords: academic performance, time management, learning motivation, value, expectancy and affective component



2. Doctorate Creative Research Composition: King Bhumibol and His Phenomenal Music Legacy for Jazz Orchestra

Palangpon Songpaiboon1*, Weerachat Premananda1 and Den Euprasert2

1Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

2Conservatory of Music, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani, Thailand

*Corresponding author, Email:

Received May 28, 2021/ Revised June 24, 2021/ Accepted July 13, 2021 / Publish July 14, 2021


The doctorate creative research composition: King Bhumibol and His Phenomenal Music Legacy for Jazz Orchestra is large-scale program music for paying tribute to King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King who connected and touched the people hearts with Music. His compositions bring joy, courage, unity, and rising the nation. The 35-minute duration of the four comprising movements expresses the grateful moments and love from the people. The 1st movement, King Bhumibol Adulyadej Square, is opening music that presents number 4 as to represent the “Bhumibol Square” theme whereby it has been served as the main musical concept and aspect throughout the composition. The 2nd movement, His Passion and Inspiration, was composed on Lydian melodic mode combined with Dixieland Jazz rhythmics and the highlight cadenza played by solo violin using Rondo form to function the movement. The 3rd movement, His Music and His People is a sectional form of five motives that applied the complex meters and repeating technique inspired by minimalism music. The 4th movement, The Musical Legacy of the Nation, presents a polyrhythm technique as the functional element of the entire movement. Pentatonic scale plays a vital role in creating melodic and harmonic functions as well as outstanding quantal-quintal harmony. The first public presentation was on April 7th, 2021, at Conservatory of Music, Rangsit University, and received high acclaim as the composition that has fulfilled an academic purpose as a national novel composition. 

Keywords: Program Music, Dixieland Jazz, Jazz Orchestra, Cyclic Form, Improvisation    



3. Free and Fair elections in Myanmar:  A Case Study of the 2015 and 2020 General Elections in Myanmar

Hnin Set Win and Sasiphattra Siriwato*

Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani, Thailand

*Corresponding author, E-mail:

Received May 28, 2021/ Revised June 24, 2021/ Accepted July 2, 2021/ Publish July 14, 2021


Election law and electoral system are formed according to its national conditions. Myanmar has been recognized that it has a truly democratic election for the first time after 2015 general election. Arranging free and fair elections is a very important basic of democracy. This research aims to find out whether political candidates still have more challenges with freedom of participation in the 2020 general election when compared with the 2015 general election and to analyze whether the 2020 general election process is freer and fairer when compared with the 2015 general election. Approximately, six participants who were the political candidates from the National League for Democracy (NLD) and the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) in the 2020 general election in Myanmar were interviewed. This research found that there were three main challenges for the political candidates in the 2020 general election. The first challenge is no freedom of participation in the election, especially in rural areas. The second challenge is that some political parties lost their constituencies because of armed conflict zones and the last challenge is that some candidates had been abducted and abused by an armed group before the election. Furthermore, this research also found that there were two reasons why this election was freer and fairer than the 2015 general election. The first reason is that the 2020 general election was more transparent because citizens, media, and many local and international observers were closely observing the election process. However, only a few observers were allowed to observe the 2015 general elections. The second reason is that the Union Election Commission (UEC) organized the 2020 general election very well, especially the advanced voting system. In this election, elderly voters, overseas voters, and Burmese voters who were in the quarantine centers across the country due to the COVID-19 pandemic were able to vote in this election. However, it can be said that the 2020 election was not completely free and fair.

Keywords: Free and fair election in Myanmar, The 2015 general election in Myanmar, The 2020 general election in Myanmar, Election processes in Myanmar



4. Doctoral Creative Research Music: Siamese Mass of The Roman Catholic Liturgy

Sirarat Sukchai* and Weerachat Premananda

Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

*Corresponding author, Email:

Received August 2, 2021/ Revised September 6, 2021/ Accepted September 9, 2021 / Publish Online September 13, 2021


The Ordinary Mass is a choral composition popular around the world, which reflects the beliefs and faith of Christianity and is an important element of sacred rituals. In addition, famous composers have written a large number of Mass compositions. In Thailand, there are few Thai composers who have composed an ordinary mass. As a result, the researcher was inspired to create the Siamese Mass of the Roman Catholic Liturgy. The objectives are to 1) create a contemporary Mass for the Roman Catholic Liturgy; 2) disseminate the Siamese Mass of The Roman Catholic Liturgy, and knowledge of the composition to the public. The researcher studied the context of religion and music, analyzed and interpreted numerous chants, and composed the Siamese Mass for a mixed choir and solo in Latin, with a total of 8 sections, namely Kyrie, Gloria, Credo I - IV, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei, with the complete musical piece being 30 minutes long.

Keywords: Mass, Liturgical Music, Sacred Music, Choral Music



5. Linguistic Landscape of The Legendary Century-old Bangkok Railway Station

Piyarat Pipattarasakul

Faculty of Liberal Arts, Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep, Bangkok, Thailand


Received July 6, 2021 / Revised September 4, 2021/ Accepted September 13, 2021 / Publish Online date month year


Linguistic landscape (LL) has been gaining ground because of an interest in multilingualism and globalization tendencies where languages interact in establishing a global environment. Studies of LL help improve images and services provided by the government and commercial organizations. In line with this, this paper proposes a computerized method of examining the linguistic landscape of the Bangkok Railway Station, known as Hua Lamphong Railway Station, in terms of language use and functions. Moreover, a top-down and bottom-up approach was used to analyze the organizations that created the signs. A total of 314 signs were collected and their contents were stored in a database. Then, the Query by Example (QBE) approach was applied to generate information based on the languages on the signs and their categories. The results showed that the following seven foreign languages were found: English, Chinese, French, Japanese, Burmese, Bahasa Melayu, and Yawee. Thai was the most predominant language used in this station, and English was the foreign language that was mostly used to help create a global environment. The signs were used for providing general information, giving direction, advertising, preventing diseases, prohibition, warning, conveying greetings, and welfare messages. Most of the signs were produced by government agencies, followed by companies, and then local shops. The image of the Bangkok Railway Station can be enhanced through cooperation between the public and private sectors and multilingualism should be promoted for more effective communication. Apart from creating a larger scale research opportunity, our proposed method could efficiently provide insights into linguistic diversity and the functions of language on signs. Importantly, the results can be applied to improve communication on signs for other railway stations throughout the country.

Keywords: language diversity, language functions, linguistic landscape, Query by Example, railway stations, top-down and bottom-up approach